The following is currently in development, there may be inaccuracies waiting to be ironed out…

Instrument Flight Rules

Radio Check

When an aircraft calls for a radio check they must state, ‘radio check’ and the frequency being called.

“ZS-ABC, radio check on 121.700.”

The controller will reply with:

“ABC, reading you 5.”

IFR Clearance

When an aircraft calls for IFR clearance they should state, their stand number, the ATIS information copied, aircraft type, registration and the requested flight level to their destination. Not all of this is necessary, only the information copied is crucial.

“Springbok 264, Type A346, ZS-SNB, stand A6, with information E, FL360 on request  for Munich.”

The controller will reply with:  “callsign [x]. After departure runway [x], comply [x] SID. [Radar/Departure] frequency [x], squawk [x].”

“Springbok 264, After departure runway 03L, comply VASUR3A SID. Radar frequency 124.500, squawk 2657.”

or

The controller will reply with:  “callsign [x]. After departure runway [x], maintain runway heading. Initial climb [x] [Radar/Departure] frequency [x], squawk [x].”

“Springbok 264, After departure runway 03L, maintain runway heading. Initial climb 8000ft. Radar frequency 124.500, squawk 2657.”

Push-back Instructions

When the aircraft calls for push and start they must state their stand number and request push and start.

“Springbok 575, stand C4, request push and start.”

The controller will reply with:  “push & start approved, facing [Direction/Taxiway].”

“Springbok 575, push and start approved, face East.”

Alternatively, if the controller can not allow the aircraft to push-back in order to ensure the smooth flow of traffic. The controller may instruct the aircraft to standby.

“Springbok 575, standby for push and start, traffic on the Apron”

Taxi Instructions

The aircraft will call and state ready for  taxi.

“Springbok 575, ready for taxi.”

The controller must reply with:  “taxi [Desired taxiways] to the holding point runway [x].”

“Springbok 575, taxi via E, Alpha to CATIII/ILS/A holding point runway 21R.”

Takeoff Clearance

The aircraft will call and state ready for departure.

“Springbok 575, ready for departure.”

The controller must reply with:  “surface winds [x], cleared for takeoff runway [x], monitor departure frequency [x].”

“Springbok 575, surface winds 240 at 9 knots, cleared for takeoff runway 21R, monitor radar on 124.50” (Although the last part might be omitted and Aircraft should know to switch frequency to Radar once airborne).

Departure

The departing aircraft should MONITOR the radar frequency after departure (It means DO NOT make contact with Radar they already know you are departing, Radar will contact you).

The controller must will contact you with:  “Radar identified on departureunder radar control, climb [x].”

“Springbok 575, radar identified on departure, under radar control, climb FL150.”

Arrival Procedures

STAR Clearance

When an aircraft initially enters your FIR (and their destination is within or close to the FIR boundary), you should identify them, clear them for the arrival and advise them to report ready for descent.

“Springbok 546, radar identified FL380, comply STV1C for RWY 03R. Report ready for descent.”

NOTE: All STARS have painful speed restrictions, you can cancel them by saying:

“Springbok 546, comply STV1C for RWY 03R. No speeds/own speeds. Report ready for descent.”

Holding

Every hold pattern is defined by the fix, the inbound track, the turn direction and the time to be flown on the outbound leg.

“Springbok 546, hold at GUPTA, FL210, inbound track 068 degrees, right hand pattern, outbound time 2 minutes.”

Approach Procedures

There are multiple types of approaches an aircraft can be given.

“Springbok 546, cleared for the ILS approach RWY 03R. Report fully established.”

“Springbok 546, cleared for the Visual RWY 03R. Report runway in sight.”

Sourced from real world operations, no assumptions made!

[Last updated: 25/3/2018]